Table of Contents

  1. First Reading (Matins)
  2. Second Reading (Matins, cont.)
  3. Third reading (Daybreak: Lavabo and Second Morning Offices)
  4. Reading Four (Prime)
  5. Reading Five (Prime and the Chapter Room)
  6. Reading Six (Discipline in the Chapter Room)
  7. Reading Seven (From the Chapter Room to the Cloister, and Terce)
  8. Reading Eight (Terce and Preparation for Mass)
  9. Reading Nine (Mass)
  10. Reading Ten (Mass, cont.)
  11. Reading Eleven (Sext, Refectory)
  12. Reading Twelve (Refectory)
  13. Reading 13a (Refectory-Dormitory)
  14. Reading 14a (None)
  15. Reading 15 (Vespers, Processions)
  16. Reading 16 (Collation and Compline)
  17. Reading 17 (Dormitory)
  18. Reading 18: On Making Rounds
  19. Reading 19: On the Abbot
  20. Reading 20a: On the Prior
  21. Reading 21a: On the Sub-prior
  22. Reading 22a: On the Steward (Provost)
  23. Reading 23a: On the Vestarer
  24. Reading 24: On the Infirmarer
  25. Reading 25: On the Hospitaller
  26. Reading 26: On the Kitchener (and food)
  27. Reading 27: On the Cantor
  28. Reading 28: On the Cellarer
  29. Reading 29: On the Refectorer
  30. Reading 30: On the Almoner
  31. Reading 31: On the Sacristan
  32. Reading 32: On the Grainarer (Granary Keeper)
  33. Reading 33: On the Census-Taker (Argentarius)
  34. On the Procurators
  35. Reading 34: On how it is necessary to be present at the canonical hours
  36. Reading 35: Concerning the Weekly Priest (Hebdomadarius)
  37. Reading 36: On Maundy (Mandatum)
  38. Reading 37: On Welcoming Novices and Making Profession
  39. Reading 38: On the tonsure
  40. Reading 39: On the Porter
  41. Reading 40: On the Pittancer
  42. Reading 41: On Bloodlettings
  43. Reading 42 and last things (Restrictions on the Conversi)
  44. On Permission to Go Outside and Other Things
  45. Reading 43: On Places of Silence and Benediction
  46. Article 3: No Eating in the Dormitory Room
  47. Article 4: Which Women May Permissibly Enter the Cloister
  48. Article 4 (bis): No Lying Down or Eating Outside our Houses
  49. Article 5: Permission for Talking with an Outsider and for Going out of the Choir
  50. Article 6: All Shall Read at the Table
  51. Article 7: The Seal of the Chapter
  52. Article 8: "Not Mine, but Ours"
  53. Lectio 44: On those who are living in dependent parishes
  54. Article 2: Priors and their Socii (associates) in dependant parishes
  55. Article 3: On recalling those who are living in dependant parishes
  56. Article 4: On Prohibited Games
  57. Article 5: That Books for our use should be in dependent parishes
  58. Customary oath on receiving an abbot

Glossary / Notes

Reading 31: On the Sacristan

The abbot shall institute a sacristan, whom we call the treasurer. To his office pertains to watch over all the things in the treasury, namely the relics and all the altar and sanctuary ornaments of the entire church-whether in gold, or silver, or altarcloths, or tapestries and cauldrons. Also the sacred vestments and curtains and towels, chalices , cloths, crosses, thuribles and candlesticks which pertain to the ministry and ornamentation of the whole church, also the books of the Mass, of the Epistles and of the Gospels . Moreover, all the things that are kept by him, the abbot must have listed in a brief, and the treasurer must do likewise, so that he is able, if required, to give an account of the things for which he needs to, and so that the abbot is not ignorant of the things he must request, when this is needed. But let there also be a communal brief for all aforementioned objects, which they are to deposit with the seal of the church in the custody of those who guard the seal of the church. Likewise each person shall have the noteworthy paraphernalia pertaining to their occupation, written down in a brief. The steward shall have in his possession one brief from all of them, so that he knows for which things he must make provisions, if needed, and about which things people are responsible.

The treasurer ought to guard with great diligence all which is in his custody, and frequently inspect them, count them in his mind, lest something is missing or through lengthy neglect has been somehow spoiled. On solemn feasts he must bring out the things which must be brought out for the adorning and ministering of the altar and the church, and he must prepare them one by one as needed and after the end of the service collect them back and fold them and bring them back to be kept each in its own place. He ought to know what vestments must be brought out for the daily service, what for the minor feasts, and what for the greatest occasions. He ought to have for each altar separate chalices, pitchers , vestments and missals (books of Mass), if it is possible to be done, and the other things pertaining to the service. He ought to prepare the communion wafer from the cleanest and purest bread and to put it fastidiously wrapped in the cleanest places. When these things must be washed, let them be washed separately and likewise the cloth over which the communion wafer is spread out. Let the rest of the linens which are from the altar be washed.

If at one time or other he happens to make the hosts (the communion bread), he shall make them from the purest choice grain on white (flour?), in a place covered with clean linens with the assistance of two brothers, so that he does not have to touch with his hands anything else but the hosts. When these are made, let him keep them in the cleanest place. He himself ought to supply oil throughout the entire household, with the exception of that which is stored in the kitchen for eating and with the exception of that which is burnt in the cellar. He also ought to supply candles throughout the whole household, except for the candles for the relics , which the abbot will provide and except for the candles that are used at the arrival of the archbishop of Reims and of other archbishops, or even of foreign bishops. The bishop of this city will provide (candles) once a year and for a single night. Also it must be noted that he will not provide for anybody in our homes that are outside [the cloister], either candles or oil. Likewise, if any king or a queen, count or countess, come here within [the cloister], the sacristan will not provide candles for them. For festal days, however, he [shall provide] for the greater Mass two candles for the blessed Mary and the Holy Spirit, and for the blessed John the Baptist and the memory of the relics of the church, and on solemn occasions of Octaves and on feasts of nine lessons [he shall provide] three candles. On a double feast, five (candles) at the altar and two in the candlesticks. Likewise two [candles] at the altar of the blessed Augustine, at Matins and Vespers. When Gloria is sung at Matins, at the responsory, to the abovementioned are added ten candles before the crucifix which are kindled at Matins for Easter and on Pentecost and on the two feasts of the blessed Augustine in the beginning of Matins and in the other feasts at Lauds. To all of these also are added in the dedication of the church one candle for each cross and they burn through Matins and at the procession and at the high Mass (or major mass).

On each double feast at the morning Mass - two candles. At each ordinary individual mass - one candle. At the Mass of the abbot - two. At the sanctuary - one. At double anniversaries of the deceased he shall provide four candles burning in the chapter. Likewise also the Easter candle, and twenty-five candles for each of the three nights before Easter. The sacristan ought to sing in the parish and to be in charge of it. The vessels of the church ought to be cleaned by him and the church itself and, to the extent of his ability, be repaired. He shall light the lamps in the dormitory, and likewise at dark the oil-lamps in the cloister, and after the brothers have gone to rest, to extinguish the same. The signals ought to be struck by him, and he must make provision for the hours of the day in accordance with the different changes of the times.

DE SACRISTA : lectio 31.

Sacristam, quem uocamus thesaurarium, constituat abbas. Ad eius officium pertinet omnia quae in thesauro sunt, custodire, scilicet reliquias et omnia ornamenta altaris et sanctuarii totius ecclesiae, siue in auro, siue in argento, siue in palliis, siue in tapetis et cortinis. Sacras quoque uestes et pallas et manutergia, calices, textus, cruces, thuribula et candelabra quae ad ministerium et ornamentum totius ecclesiae pertinent, libros quoque missales et epistolares et euangelia. Omnia autem quae sub custodia eius seruantur, abbas breui annotata habere debet, et thesaurarius similiter, ut sciat, et iste pro quibus eum oporteat, si exigatur, rationem reddere, et ille pro quibus exigere debeat, cum opus fuerit, non ignoret. Fiat etiam breue commune de praedictis omnibus quod reponant cum sigillo ecclesiae sub custodia illorum qui custodiunt sigillum ecclesiae. Similiter et singuli in officiis suis singula supellectilia ad officium suum pertinentia in breuibus habeant annotata, quae notabilia sunt. Praepositus uero habeat penes se unum breue de omnibus illis, ut sciat in quibus debeat prouidere, si necesse est, et de quibus debeant respondere.

Ipse autem thesaurarius omnia quae sub custodia sua tenentur cum magna diligentia seruare debet, et frequenter inspicere, et memoriter recensere, ne quid forte uel desit, et negligentia longiore, aliquam corruptionem contraxerit. In festiuis solemnitatibus ea quae ad ornamentum et ministerium altaris et ecclesiae exponenda sunt, exponere debet et singula, sicut oportet, aptare et rursum, expleto ministerio, colligere et replicare et suis locis seruanda reponere. Nosse tamen oportet quae ad quotidianum ministerium indumenta, et quae in mediocribus festis et quae in summis festiuitatibus proponenda sunt. Pro singulis altaribus calices, urceos et uestimenta et libros missales propria, si fieri potest, habere debet, et cetera quae ad ministerium pertinent. Corporalia de mundissimo et purissimo panno praeparari oportet et in mundissimis locis reponi diligenter complicata. Quotiens abluenda sunt, abluantur seorsum et pallae similiter super quam extenditur corporale. Cetera abluantur quae de altari sunt, lintheamina.

Hostias, si facere quandoque contigerit, de frumento electo et purissimo in alba faciat, in loco mundis linteis cooperto cui duo fratres subministrent, ne aliud quam ipsas hostias manibus tractare cogatur. Quae cum peractae fuerint, mundissimo loco seruet. Ipse debet oleum per totam domum ministrare et excepto illo quod in coquina ad manducandum reseruatur, et excepto illo quod comburitur in cellario. Ceram etiam per totam domum debet ministrare, excepto cereo ad reliquias, quem abbas prouidebit, et excepta cera quae expenditur in aduentu archiepiscopi remensis et aliorum archiepiscoporum, siue etiam episcoporum alienorum. Episcopus autem huius ciuitatis semel in anno et una nocte prouidebit. Notandum etiam quod nulli domorum nostrarum quae extra sunt, in cera uel oleo prouidebit. Similiter si rex aliquis uel regina, comes uel comitissa ueniunt hic intus, eis in cera non prouidebit. Ipse autem pro festis diebus ad maiorem missam duos cereos quotiens de beata Maria et de sancto Spiritu et de beato Iohanne baptista, et memoria reliquiarum ecclesiae, et in octauis solemnibus et festis nouem lectionum tres cereos. In duplici festo quinque ad maius altare et duos in candelabris. Similiter ad altare beati Augustini ad matutinas et ad uesperas duos. Quando cantatur Gloria ad matutinas, ad responsorium adduntur, his dictis, decem cerei ante crucifixum ad matutinas qui accenduntur ad Pascha in Penthecoste et duobus festis beati Iohannis baptistae et Assumptione beatae Mariae et festo beati Augustini in initio matutinarum et in aliis festis ad laudes. His etiam omnibus adduntur in dedicatione ecclesiae singuli ad quamlibet crucem et ardent per matutinas et ad processionem et ad maiorem missam.

In quolibet festo duplici ad missam matutinam duos cereos. Ad singulas missas priuatas unum cereum. Ad missam abbatis duos. Ad sanctuarium unum. Ad anniuersaria duplicia mortuorum quatuor ardentes in capitulo prouideat. Similiter etiam cereum paschalem, et cereos uiginti quinque singulis tribus noctibus ante Pascha. In parrochia debet cantare sacrista et eam procurare. Vasa ecclesiae per eum debent mundari et ipsa ecclesia mundari et pro posse suo reparari. Lampades in dormitorio accendat, et in crepusculo similiter lucernas in claustro, et eas fratribus quiescentibus extinguat. Per eum debent signa pulsari, et horae diei secundum diuersas mutationes temporum per eum debent prouideri.


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